24 Jan 2022


PhD Defence Computer Science: Dana Rahbani

Outlier detection for shape model fitting

Abstract: Medical image analysis applications often benefit from having a statistical shape model in the background. Statistical shape models are generative models which can generate shapes from the same family and assign a likelihood to the generated shape. In an Analysis-by-synthesis approach to medical image analysis, the target shape to be segmented, registered or completed must first be reconstructed by the statistical shape model. Shape models accomplish this by either acting as regression models, used to obtain the reconstruction, or as regularizers, used to limit the space of possible reconstructions. However, the accuracy of these models is not guaranteed for targets that lie out of the modeled distribution of the statistical shape model. Targets with pathologies are an example of out-of-distribution data. The target shape to be reconstructed has deformations caused by pathologies that do not exist on the healthy data used to build the model. Added and missing regions may lead to false correspondences, which act as outliers and influence the reconstruction result. Robust fitting is necessary to decrease the influence of outliers on the fitting solution, but often comes at the cost of decreased accuracy in the inlier region. Robust techniques often presuppose knowledge of outlier characteristics to build a robust cost function or knowledge of the correct regressed function to filter the outliers.

The defence will take place on Zoom. (The meeting ID was sent via email).

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